Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva



Author Biography: Elena Ognivtseva



Elena is an avid blogger who enjoys writing articles on fashion, beauty, lifestyle, fitness and recently, CBD niches. Elena has been described as a "delightfully eccentric with a creative take on things" (New York Times) with an ability to "bring you new facts that will make you go WOW!" (Vanity Fair). Elena has been writing since her uni days where she was a regular contributor to the student magazine. After pursuing a career in finance in the heart of London's financial hub, Elena has decided to start blogging in her spare time as an outlet for her creativity and ideas. During her spare time, Elena enjoy horse riding, camping and hiking, interior design and keeping abreast with the latest trends. Elena is in the process of starting up her own beauty cosmetics line in the near future. Elena is also a contributing author to fashion and lifestyle magazines and has been featured in Vice, Country Living, Harrods magazine, Daily Telegraph, Grazia and Women's Health.


Vape Shop In East Ayrshire, Uk



Vape Shop in East Ayrshire, UK

Powered by twin batteries, the Argus GT has a wattage range of W and choices an in depth temperature administration mode. A in depth variety of merchandise – e-liquid, digital cigarette starter kits, tanks, mods and plenty of additional gear could be present in retailer. Our big vary of top of the range merchandise and second to none purchaser help ensures that we proceed to be a favourite with vapers from all through the UK. All our merchandise are from high-notch vape manufacturers like SMOK, Vaporesso, Aspire, Innokin, Zenith and additional, you might be assured on prime quality. If you’re on the lookout for an infinite number of e-liquids and flavoured vape juices, then that’s the internet vape retailer for you.

In March 2020 with the COVID-19 lockdown, we decided to primarily give consideration to on-line the place each concern is at your fingertips with subsequent day current on most of our stocked objects. Vapestore solely inventory probably the greatest e-liquids, that contains a galaxy of flavours throughout every sort of e-liquid.
Cafes and occasional retailers are dealt with as restricted businesses for the desires of the mannequin new native alert diploma tips (the equal as consuming locations, bars & pubs and so forth). Forget the problem; visitThe Eliquid Boutiquefor the newest excessive-high quality vape products in London. We have an array of one of the best e-cigarettes kits,mods, e-liquids, nicotine footage, vape tanks and all totally different vaping necessities you need to acquire your last vaping expertise.

Vape Shop in East Dunbartonshire, UK


After 1945, Scotland’s financial situation worsened due to overseas competitors, inefficient trade, and industrial disputes. Economic factors contributing to this restoration included a resurgent monetary suppliers trade, electronics manufacturing, , and the North Sea oil and gasoline business. In 1878, regardless of opposition, a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical hierarchy was restored to the nation, and Catholicism grew to turn out to be a significant denomination inside Scotland. In 1641 and again in 1643 the Parliament of Scotland unsuccessfully sought a union with England which was “federative” and by no means “incorporating”, by which Scotland would retain a separate parliament. The E Liquids we inventory are all on check out in retailer to be able to attempt sooner than you buy and critiques shall be added to the scenario which will allow you to uncover your favourite flavours.
  • Our on-line vape retailer presents quite a few vape juice flavours and merchandise tailor-made to each beginner and superior vapers.
  • There are 5 parts to make e-liquid specifically VG, PG, style, diluted nicotine, and distilled water or vodka, although you might or won’t use nicotine and vodka.
  • Other Christian denominations in Scotland embrace the Free Church of Scotland, and numerous completely different Presbyterian offshoots.
  • Vaping can seem very difficult do you have to’re simply getting began, however it’s actually not as unhealthy because it seems, and whenever you flip into acquainted with it, your lungs will thanks.

Our on-line vape store presents loads of vape juice flavours and merchandise tailored to each newbie and superior vapers. Browse the easiest prime quality Vape Kits and E-Cigarettes, for all ranges of experience together with new vapers. Chinese outlets on-line have come a great way before now couple of years with Heaven Gifts main the easiest way throughout which in gaining the concept of vapers from all over the world. For great vapour manufacturing and enticing flavour, you’ll be able to go for the V2cigs’s vape juices. Have questions on vaping and if purchasing for a Vape is greatest for you, then be at liberty tocontact usorvisitone of our London vape retailers. Ꭲhese е-liquids ɑrе reaѕonably heavy іn PG аs weⅼl aѕ ɑs а end end finish end result generate terribly tһick ɑѕ ѡell as unbelievable clouds tߋ replicate tһe typical shisha experience.

Vape Shop in Chelmsford, UK


This scheme was still in operation in June 2008 and was estimated to be costing the UK exchequer as much as £20 million a yr in corporation tax. This isn’t the primary anti-Romanian incident in Tesco; in April 2020, a gaggle of Romanians have been verbally attacked whereas buying at a retailer of the company. The share value misplaced forty 9 per cent of its worth as much as October as a result of it struggled to fend off opponents from rivals Aldi and Lidl.
Vape Shop in East Ayrshire, UK
Whether it’s e-liquids or e-cigarettes, we’re devoted to bringing you the most effective vape merchandise on the UK e-cig market together with a safer quite a number of to smoking. Ecigwizard is among the main e-cigarette corporations inside the UK and we’ve been supplying the vaping neighborhood with top-of-the-line merchandise for nicely over eight years. Our wide selection of high-end merchandise and great buyer assist ensures that we proceed to be a favorite with vapers from throughout all through the UK.

Vape Shop in Dudley, UK


Buying substitute coils for tanks is important to make sure you get the utmost effectivity out of your vaping gadget. The life span of coils varies tremendously counting on the type of gadget you’ve and the way incessantly you vape. Whether you’re new to vaping or an skilled vaper, our mission is to offer you the highest high quality e-liquids and vape hardware at the easiest prices. A good tank deserves an superior Box Mod, and at Vapestore we offer the simplest models for cloud chasers in all places. For vapers who like to construct, we provide premium coil wire and cotton wick to help you create your private coils.
V2 e-Cigs UK is among the few digital cigarette firms working throughout the UK the place the product producer runs and owns its personal manufacturing course of. The top of the range, Taste, Flavour and Customer service makes this on-line vape store as probably the greatest within the commerce. You also can take a look through ouryoutubechannel for critiques and useful guides or take a look at ourblogsandguideswhere we now have compliedmost frequent questionsabout vaping. As definitely thought of one of many major on-line Vape firms, we offer a big selection of e-liquids from absolutely utterly different brands in numerous flavours and strengths.

A unit like the Aurora vaporizer has a singular magnetic connection, however the full tools comes with three completely totally different atomizers made of assorted supplies, like quartz and ceramic. The Mig Vapor HERB-E 7, for instance, makes use of a tank atomizer for vaping concentrates, which isn’t suitable with some other system. A flavour reborn with the richness of brightleaf tobacco, caramel, light spice and naturally the eagerness and perfectionism that has made City Vape a worthwhile model for over 2 years. Lush and ripe strawberry blended with sharp kiwi, every issue we would have liked to maneuver ahead with this favorite flavour from the sooner City Vape differ. From starter kits like our bestselling Fuse and VPOD to Pod Kits like JUUL and the SMOK Nord, that options closed pod strategies like JUUL pods and open, refillable pod kits similar to the Voopoo Vinci. Developed from solely probably the greatest re-promoting flavours, City Vape produce a range for all of your tastes. The Royal Navy efficiently glad the government to permit the bottom because of it needed its personal Polaris submarines, and it obtained them in 1963.

Vape Shop in Southend-on-Sea, UK


It doesn’t matter who you might vaporesso euc universal coils 0 5ohm 5 pack be; the factor that points is what high quality you’re getting from the personalized packaging agency. Whether you need ingenious enterprise having fun with enjoying playing cards, flat embossed invitation, foil stamp linen folders, BUY Packaging Boxes will supply pretty priced premium printing and customized bins. We always meet the requirement of our valued purchasers and make them utterly pleased with our topnotch companies. We supply 6 years of expertise in all elements of ecig retail and fortunately share our experience to cater to your personal wants and tastes. You may even see a summary of what has changed along with face coverings, working from residence, corporations and meeting individuals safely.
We try to create a relaxed ambiance the place clients can come sit down and discover out more in regards to the more healthy completely different to smoking. Our specialist online vape retailer presents the biggest number of digital cigarettes, hardware and e-liquids all through the UK. With our value match promise and skilled knowledge, we help vapers inside the UK and worldwide discover the proper product on the correct value, multi sensible retailer.
We are awaiting Government guidance on how a lot this funding shall be and one of the simplest ways will most likely be administered to businesses. There isn’t any parking immediately outdoors so please use completely totally different parking all through the home. Hopefully this guide has given you a fundamental introduction to vape pens, how they work, the classes there are, the way in which you discover an excellent one and the way to deal with any points which is able to crop up. Of course, this actually simply scratches the ground, nevertheless we’ve loads of additional information in our “Basics of Vaping” posts and our security sequence which you’ll take a look at on our blog. Vaping can appear very tough should you’re merely getting began, however it’s actually not as unhealthy as a result of it appears, and if you turn into acquainted with it, your lungs will thanks.
At BUY Packaging Boxes LTD, we offercustom packaging packing containers with logoand customboxes and labellingsolutions that meet enterprise and product-particular needs. The first patrol of a Trident-armed submarine occurred in 1994, although aspire cleito rta system the US base was closed on the end of the Cold War. A coverage of devolution had been advocated by the three main British political parties with numerous enthusiasm throughout current historic previous.

Vape Suite is probably going one of many UK’s main online suppliers of a wide range of E-cigs, vape kits, vape mods and additional. From good value e-juice by way of to E-liquids, our UK online vape retailer has every factor you have to profit from the unbelievable world of vaping. Our differ of vaping liquids, kits and tools has been fastidiously chosen to fulfill the calls for of our prospects and is predicated on our private personal experiences and customer ideas. Utilising the whole range of PnP coils along with an RBA coil, offering a number of vaping experiences. For vapers who like to assemble, we provide premium coil wire and cotton wick that may assist you to to create your private coils.

See what eliquid flavours and vape kits our workers are vaping on from our huge number of over three,000 flavours in 10ml nicotine containing eliquids, salt nic and shortfills. Vape Town stock an infinite range of nic salts in an infinite variety of flavours from trusted producers similar to Nasty Nic Salts, Dinner Lady Nic Salts and Just Juice Nic Salts. Whether it’s combine-and-match or discounted bundles, you’ll have the ability to discover the staggering variety of flavours or simply hold stocked up in your favourites, all whereas saving money. We are thought-about considered one of many major vape companies inside the UK and we now have been a fan favourite contained throughout the vaping group for years. Today our on-line Vape Shop has a listing of Over 4 hundred E-Liquids from over a hundred E Liquid Brands with the likes of Dinner Lady, Cigara Originals and Vampire Vape to call a couple of. Some even have batteries that last more, completely completely different present further highly environment friendly heating capability whereas others have larger tanks which maintain further e-liquid.

Our trustworthy pricing is given to quite a few types of issues ranging from the most expensive to the least expensive. As the most important distributors of vaping merchandise throughout the UK, we get our palms on the newest merchandise earlier than anybody else. 123 Vape is a web-based mostly-based vape retailer that supplieselectronic cigarettes,e-liquids and subsequent-interval vaping devices. We work intently with main vape producers and e-liquid corporations from the UK and all around the globe, to supply real e-cigarette merchandise and vaping provides to swimsuit each life-type. Our on-line vape retailer presents loads of vape juice flavours and merchandise tailor-made to each newbie and superior vapers. You can also have a look via ouryoutubechannel for critiques and helpful guides or take a look at ourblogsandguideswhere we now have compliedmost frequent questionsabout vaping. As undoubtedly one of many major on-line Vape corporations, we provide a big selection of e-liquids from totally utterly totally different producers in numerous flavours and strengths.

Vape Shop in New Forest, UK


For your premium range of merchandise like wristwatches, aromas and jewellery objects, you’ll have the ability to purchasecustom made inflexible packing containers. The inhabitants of Scotland grew steadily inside the nineteenth century, from 1,608,000 inside the census of 1801 to 2,889,000 in 1851 and 4,472,000 in 1901. As a end result, by means of the interval 1841–1931, about 2 million Scots migrated to North America and Australia, and one other 750,000 Scots relocated to England. For retail needs,custom-made show boxesare principally using as retailers wish to present their merchandise.BUY Packaging Boxesprovidescustom retail wholesale boxesat low price expenses. E cigarettes normally usually are not a Nicotine Replacement Therapy and usually are not designed that will assist you stop smoking.

Please observe some of our retailers opening hours and suppliers have been affected by the most recent authorities pointers. With larger than 270 million of us, Indonesia is the world’s fourth-most populous nation and doubtless primarily the most populous Muslim-majority country.
We present personalised ideas and one-to-one recommendation to hunt out the right vape product for you. Want to know further about vape and vaping, you could have come to the correct place, UK ECIG STORE is the first choice to vapers throughout the UK, we’ve been serving to vapers since 2012.

When you come all the best way proper all the way down to see us, you’ll be greeted by nice, expert and educated employees who are available that will assist you to in your vaping journey. Whether you might be new to vaping or an skilled vaper, our mission is to give vaping etiquette the unspoken rules every vaper should know you the perfect prime quality e-liquids and vape hardware on the excellent prices. At Vapouriz, we attribute a vast number of area mods, e-cigarette setups and vape starter kits ranging from as little as £19.ninety 9 for a full bundle.
Stocking an infinite vary of e-cigarette kits, e-liquids,coils, mods and vaping gear from respected producers throughout the trade in addition to our private distinctive e-liquids. Unlike most digital cigarette and vaping corporations, we work intently with our associates throughout the worldwide vaping neighborhood to create our premium e-liquids. Flawless Vape Shop is the UKs main distributor of vape, vaping hardware, equipment, starter kits, tanksand E-liquids. Vapestore solely inventory prime-of-the-line e-liquids, that includes a galaxy of flavours all via every kind of e-liquid. Vape Superstore actually is among the many many many many most attention-grabbing on-line vape retailer for all of your vaping needs, no matter your diploma of experience or value differ.

We contemplate delivering the correct purchaser care and stock solely the simplest high quality merchandise. Our specialist information and dedication to wonderful service will help you to look out the correct vaping merchandise for you. Their RDA and RTA offering is unrivalled they normally moreover even have their very private terribly rated Project Sub Ohm range. We stock most probably the greatest e cig kits, vape pens along with the latest liquid ranges, tanks and subsequent expertise subject mods. Their RDA and RTA offering is unrivalled and so they even have their very personal extremely rated Project Sub Ohm range. Vapour2 are prime-of-the-line established vape retailers throughout the UK, supplying vapers for a number of years. Whilst they do stock the latest gadgets from producers identical to SMOK and Innokin it is their own mannequin product that will get the limelight.
In 2020 we made the selection to hitch the UKVIA to verify our vape web pages are members of the 2 major Vape organisations contained in the UK. Check out our guides and blogs for helpful suggestion and knowledge; from getting began with vaping, our newest e-liquid favourites or assist with CBD. You can choose from disposable, removable or constructed-in relying on the system you select and personal different. If replaceable, guarantee your be taught your vape hardware shopper guide to know which coils are appropriate alongside together together with your gadget. You’ll uncover merchandise along with tanks, mods and kits by prime producers from all around the globe, together with premium e-liquid producers. We’re on a regular basis updating our selection, so remember to examine once more often, bear in mind when it’s gone it’s gone. So when you’re after a model new vape package deal, looking for a model new e-liquid, or simply have to refill on a wide range of gear, at Vape Shop we’ve you coated.

Utilising the entire vary of PnP coils along with an RBA coil, providing a variety of vaping experiences. For vapers who love to assemble, we offer premium coil wire and cotton wick that may allow you to to create your private coils. Whether it’s combine-and-match or discounted bundles, you presumably can uncover the staggering number of flavours or just preserve stocked up in your favourites, all whereas saving cash. You also can have a look by way of ouryoutubechannel for critiques and useful guides or check out ourblogsandguideswhere we now have compliedmost frequent questionsabout vaping. As definitely considered one of many main on-line Vape firms, we provide a big selection of e-liquids from utterly utterly completely totally different manufacturers in several flavours and strengths. You might wish to wait at least 5 minutes earlier than vaping to produce the wick time to take in adequate e-liquid. The Eliquid Boutique stocksnicotine e-liquids,nicotine-free e-liquidsandnicotine photos.They all may be found in quite a few flavours and sizes.
Even although it presents a genuine sub ohm expertise and features a larger battery, the Nord four retains a small size. Designed for use on the go, the battery will support as much as a full day of vaping when charged and its small size allows it to fit into a pocket or bag. When it comes to finding your perfect vape, this equipment lets you alter its wattage stage to search out your ideal level of vapour and flavour manufacturing. To better assist changes, the Nord 4 is the first within the vary to feature an adjustable airflow feature.

However, I even have compiled a list of the ten most interesting on-line vape retailers all via the UK, based totally on the buyer scores and my very personal experience. If you’re looking out for a protected, pure and clear vaping experience, along with every PG and VG selections, then go for Pure E-liquids on-line vape retailer.
Our £1 e-liquid range is bursting with choices, with a wide array of flavours and strengths obtainable. The UWELL Caliburn G Pod Kit is a slender and lightweight refillable pod system, powered by a 690mAh inside battery and delivering a max ouput of 15W.
Thankfully, prime-of-the-line-rated vape pens usually embrace in-constructed security choices and there’s a restricted amount which will go mistaken and do you any damage. That acknowledged, there are a number of helpful safety suggestions you should consider to be sure to don’t run into any issues. Tanks that match e-pens are typically spherical 2 ml in capability, although some are a bit larger and a few are a bit smaller. It has changeable coils – coming with a zero.6 ohm and a 1.4 ohm danger, for direct-to-lung and mouth-to-lung vaping, respectively – which units it apart from many pod devices. With that, we provide you mods with solely the most effective in the market and daily substitute our website online with new inventory. Browse by the use of our assortment and when you would have any questions or queries, please don’t hesitate to get in contact with our educated workers who’re proper here to help.
Vaping could possibly be an endlessly enjoyable, arms-on pastime for lovers which is why we offer a number of premium provides and accessories. Vape Sourcing is among the latest Chinese retailers to supply some superb pricing on the latest vape gear.

The Scotland ladies’s staff have achieved newer success, qualifying for every Euro 2017 and the 2019 World Cup. As of December 2019, they’d been ranked as the twenty second finest girls’s nationwide workers within the FIFA Rankings. A earlier Labour chief, John Smith, described the revival of a Scottish parliament because of the “settled will of the Scottish individuals”.
As one of many major on-line Vape companies, we offer a wide selection of e-liquids from fully completely completely different producers in quite a few flavours and strengths. From the newest ecig kits and hottest starter vape kits, to the latest e-liquid range, we’ve every issue you want for an distinctive vaping expertise. We furthermore current a wide selection of e-liquids from globally-beloved producers in a variety of flavour profiles and nicotine strengths.
Vape Shop in East Ayrshire, UK
If you want to purchase details about our newest merchandise, as quickly as they arrive, then be pleased to enroll to our publication underneath. And confronted with excessive overheads, lots of the hardware and e-liquids you will uncover in brick and mortar retailers are insanely costly. With warehouses based in Hong Kong, mainland China and Russia plus free world intensive delivery on orders over $20 it’s one completely different nice likelihood for vapers in search of a discount. The nice information is they’re one of the best available on the market, particularly in terms of their Tobacco vapes. Add some nice e liquids to the combo and Apollo makes for an excellent vape retailer for many varied kinds of vaper. Initially began in Bradford, Smokers D’Lite has since branched out considerably, with an entire of eight storefronts throughout the UK.
Our e-liquid assortment is unrivalled, with over one thousand flavours from prime-of-the-line e-cigarette producers along with Dinner Lady, IVG and Nasty Juice. We function to deliver you one of the best and widest range of top quality e-liquid from all corners of the globe. Giving you the last word different of over 2,500 e liquid flavours and saving you time and money in the midst of.
Our mission is to give you most likely the best quite a few of precise vape merchandise on the most effective prices, with probably the greatest ranges of customer support. All of our merchandise embrace full assure, worth match guarantee and FREE firstclass provide everytime you spend over £20.

We’ve built-in all you want into our e-cig chooser nonetheless if you’d wish to perform slightly extra analysis, attempt new to vaping knowledge. Out of those, the cookies which are categorized as necessary are saved in your browser as they’re important for the working of fundamental functionalities of the web site. The Royal Navy successfully convinced the federal government to allow the bottom as a result of it wished its own Polaris submarines, and it obtained them in 1963.
With our price match promise and expert information, we help vapers in the UK and worldwide discover the proper product on the correct price, multi function retailer. Our product differ is large with lots of the largest vape kits, vape devices, e liquids and vape mods from the entire major brands just like Smok, Horizontech, Eleaf, Aspire, Geekvape & many additional.

The good info is that they’re one of the best within the marketplace, significantly in relation to their Tobacco vapes. Add some nice e liquids to the combo and Apollo makes for a wonderful vape retailer for many quite a few kinds of vaper. We give consideration to having professional data, offering great buyer care, and stocking a wide array of solely the very highest high quality vaping producers from in all places on the planet. Want to know extra about vape and vaping, you’ve come to the best place, UK ECIG STORE is the first choice to vapers throughout the UK, we’ve been serving to vapers since 2012. Have questions on vaping and if looking for a Vape is best for you, then be joyful tocontact usorvisitone of our London vape outlets. We are open 6 days per week and also you could be bigger than welcome to go to and focus in your vaping wants along with any necessities you would need. A fashionable and rugged superior vape gadget, comprising of the dual battery powered SMOK Scar 18 mod in a position to firing at as lots as 230 watts, and the suitably paired TFV9 sub-ohm tank.
Initially started in Bradford, Smokers D’Lite has since branched out considerably, with an entire of eight storefronts throughout the UK. You may need to attend a minimum of 5 minutes earlier than vaping to provide the wick time to soak up sufficient e-liquid. The Eliquid Boutique stocksnicotine e-liquids,nicotine-free e-liquidsandnicotine footage.They all may be found fairly a number of flavours and sizes.
Our trustworthy pricing is given to fairly a couple of sorts of things starting from the costliest to the least expensive. Our pricing mannequin ensures that our prospects take pleasure in the best high quality at an reasonably priced price. A good e-juice could have one of the best stability of propylene glycola nd vegetable glycerine, an correct nicotine content materials and expertly-blended extreme grade flavourings. Some of our main brands embody Riot Squad, Risen, Dinner Ladies, Charlies Chalk Dust, Pukka Juice and Cheap Thrills. Bought by Owen Owen from House of Fraser 1976; renamed Owen Owen; closed 1990; premises supplied to Tesco.
Vape Shop in East Ayrshire, UK
At BUY Packaging Boxes LTD, we offercustom packaging packing containers with logoand customboxes and labellingsolutions that meet industry and product-specific wants. The first patrol of a Trident-armed submarine occurred in 1994, though the US base was closed on the end of the Cold War. A policy of devolution had been advocated by the three main British political parties with numerous enthusiasm throughout current historical previous. A earlier Labour leader, John Smith, described the revival of a Scottish parliament as the “settled will of the Scottish individuals”. Granted university standing in 1992, the University of the West of Scotland can trace its historical past again to 1897, as Paisley College of Technology.
To shield a velocity, more energy is required to go up a hill than down a hill… however the velocity would maintain the identical. Many vape pen sized dry herb vaporizers don’t perform very correctly, heating the herb erratically and infrequently leaving some unvaporized. The following are a variety of the most common vape issues you’ll face collectively together with your ego-t, ego-c twist, evod and loads of completely different vape pens. If you’re new to vaping, you can need some questions you want answering ahead of you begin to make your different.
If this wasn’t enough we’re shortly rolling out our model new related day supply probability for these of you dwelling in bustling British cities like Milton Keynes. Our costs are designed to be aggressive, whereas we try to supply very good buyer assist and fast dispatch. Subscribe to 88Vape right now to get 5% off your subsequent order, along with future provides and data. BUY Packaging Boxes is providing its premium custom packing containers and customized packaging suppliers all through the UK and Overseas since 2007.

There are rising considerations that e-cigarette selling campaigns unjustifiably contemplate youthful adults, adolescents, and ladies. Some companies might use e-cigarette promoting to advocate smoking, intentionally, or inadvertently, is an space of concern. The ease to get earlier the age verification system at e-cigarette agency websites permits underage people to entry and be uncovered to advertising.
Giving you the final word various of over 2,500 e liquid flavours and saving you time and cash inside the course of. Juul, Aspire, Smok and more, our number of pods and pod kits is second to none – whether or not or not or not you’re on the lookout for your first pod package deal or need a secondary gadget for on the go. Shortfills, salt nicotine, nic footage, TPD 10mls and concentrates – Discover essential number of eliquid available contained in the UK. On Clouder’s market you’ll get to learn from free supply, no minimal order, and unbelievable vary of vape gear & ecig equipment.